October 4, 2004
SERVICE OF THE ANGLICAN CONSULTATIVE COUNCIL, ACC
FIRST SESSION OF THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY FIRST COMMITTEE
GOVERNMENT STATEMENTS ON TWO ITEMS:
1. NUCLEAR WEAPON FREE ZONES. REGIONAL DISARMAMENT.
2. LAND MINES. THE OTTAWA CONVENTION.
MEXICO: Ambassador Enrique Berruga. The Treaty of Tlatelolco, is a Nuclear Weapon Free Zone for Latin America. Mexico is a member of the Conference of States Parties, and supports better coordination of all Nuclear Weapon Free Zones worldwide, working to create similar legal regimes for multilateral diplomacy,with clear goals for disarmament and non-proliferation.
NEW ZEALAND: Statement by the New Zealand representative Ms. Caroline McDonald: Long lasting solutions to threats of proliferation need to be addressed. Transparent and verifiable disarament processes both facilitate and expedite the permanent settlement of regonal conflicts.
EUROPEAN UNION: Statement by H.E. Ambassdor Chris Sanders, the Netherlands on behalf of the European Union: Some of the key threats to our security environment are regional conflicts. Over the last decades regional conflicts have brought about the devastating scourge of land mines, a huge proliferation of small arms and increased oportunities for organised crime. Regional insecurity can fuel the demand for WMD. Disarmament nd non-proliferation should not be viewed as a stand-alone issue. They are fully interlinked with other questions of security and stability on the global and regional level.
PERU: Statement by Ambassador Oswaldo de Rivero, Permanent Representative of Peru to the UN at the Disarmament Committee of the UN. The Andean Region Community, composed of Bolivia, Columbia, Ecuador, Peru and Venezuela have fulfilled one of the most advanced regonal commitments regarding limitation, control and transparency of conventional armaments, including measures of confidence and verification, called the Commitment of Lima which has adopted Decision 52 for prevention of trafficking of small arms and light weapons, and the first sub-regional instrument to establish the Andean Peace Zone. This zone covers the territories, the aerial space and waters under sovereignty and jurisdiction of Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru and Venezuela.
BRAZIL: Statement by the Brazilian delegaton on behalf of the Rio Group. The Representative of Brazil spoke of the adoption of concrete measures for regional democracy and development with the Treaty of Tlatelolco, a nuclear weapon free zone, now fully in force, as an example to other regions. The Rio Group supports the NPT, elimination of all nuclear testing, universalization of the CWC, BWC and adherence to the Convention on Anti-Personnel Mines, the Ottawa Convention. The Rio Group expresses congratulations to the UN Center for Disarmament and Development in Latin America and the Caribbean for achievements in peace and security for the regon, as well as the San Francisco Quito Declaration to establish the Andean Zone of Peace, adopted by member states of the Andean Community in Quito, Ecuador.
NORWAY: Statement by Mr. Kim Traavik, Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs: The ability of the Committee to face the threats of international terrorism and proliferation of WMD, as well as other security threats needs to be upgraded. Norway has organized two informal workshops on First Committee Reform with participation of countries from all regions. Norway is gratified that the Land Mine Ottawa Convention has been a success. We look forward to its first review conference and are committed to doing as much as we can to ensure its success.
NEW AGENDA COALITION: Statement by H.E. Mr. Anders Liden, Ambassador and Permanent Representative of Sweden to the UN On behalf of Brazil, Egypt, Ireland, Mexico, New Zealand, South Africa and Sweden as members of the New Agenda Coaliton (NAC); As part of a coalition supporting the elimination of nuclear weapons with nuclear disarmament,nuclear non proliferation and the right to the peaceful uses of nuclear energy, Ambassador Liden noted the zone free from nuclear and other weapons of mass destruction in the Middle East is yet to be realized and leglly binding security assurances are yet to be given to non-nuclear weapon states, or negotiations to ban production of weapons grade fissile material. The work of the First Committee must make some headway.
AUSTRALIA: General Debate Statement by H.E. Mr. John Dauth, Ambassador and Permanent Representative to the UN. Australia supports implementation of the BWC. With Indonesia we will cohost a regional workshop on national implementation of the BWC. The link between WMD and missiles is well known, and destabilizes regional and global security, discouraging nuclear disarmament. Australia wants the Hague Code of Conduct to be a universal confidence building measure to prevent ballistic missile proliferation. Another priority jis to assist regional countries to strengthen small arms control and enforcement capabilities. Australia also continues to work for universal adherence to the Mine Ban Convention with other states for a clear commitment not to use anti-personnel mines.
CANADA: Statement by Mr. Paul Meyer, Ambassador to the UN for Disarmament to the First Committee of the 59th General Assembly: Mentioning prohibitions of chemical, biological weapons and the CCW, Ambassador Meyer also spoke of the upcoming 2004 Nairobi Summit on a Mine Free World( the initial Review Conference for the Ottawa Convention), a subject for the First Committee as is the FMCT, small arms and light weapons, outer space, and the state of progress for nuclear weapons.
N. Colton, Member of the NGO Working Group on the GA First Committee on Disarmament and International Security
N. Colton, member of the ACC group for NGO First Committee Working Group