For Christ is our peace, and has made both groups one, and has broken down the dividing wall. -Ephesians 2:14
Arising from the heart of the Korean people, and in response to a resolution of the 13th meeting of the Anglican Consultative Council (ACC), a "Worldwide Anglican Peace Conference" entitled Towards Peace in Korea (TOPIK), was held November 14-20 in Paju. Hosted by the Anglican Church of Korea, we came from all parts of the globe including: Korea, Japan, the United Kingdom, Ireland, the United States, Australia, Canada, the Philippines, Taiwan, Sri Lanka, Aotearoa New Zealand, the Solomon Islands, Palestine, Cyprus, Myanmar/Burma, Switzerland, and Hong Kong. We regret the absence of members from the China Christian Council, due to their Synod being held at the same time as this conference.
The Most Rev. Dr. Francis Kyong-Jo Park, Primate of the Anglican Church of Korea, reminded us that "as servant members of the Body of Christ, we are called to be apostles of peace in a world where discord and conflict are prevalent." Through participation in this conference, we acknowledge that the "transformation of unjust structures of society" is one of the five marks of mission of the Anglican Communion.
The appropriateness of Korea as the site for this conference was duly noted by the Archbishop of Canterbury, the Most Rev. Dr. Rowan Williams. Reflecting on the fact that "the majority of Koreans have no memory of a time before the division of the peninsula," Archbishop Williams observed that a deeper awareness of the difficult issues of Korean reunification can "empower and encourage those seeking to overcome the obstacles in the path to peace."
Unable to attend the conference, the Archbishop named as his special envoy and president of the conference the Most Rev. Dr. Robin Eames, former Archbishop of Armagh and Primate of All Ireland. Archbishop Eames shared with us from the start that "only by coming together in a spirit of humility and with a willingness to learn from one another can we find the common ground that can allow us to move into the future in peace."
Our conference began on Wednesday November 14 as the 41 international members joined some 100 Korean members on a peace trip across the Korean Peninsula, over the Demilitarized Zone and into the Geumgangsan special tourism region of North Korea. It was significant for us, gathered from many nations, to make this crossing in a spirit of prayer. Surrounded by the beauty of these mountains a representative group was able to make a presentation of goods both to aid reconstruction of buildings and farms damaged by the serious floods last summer, and to provide medical relief.
That same evening we, representing member churches of the Anglican Communion, gathered to celebrate the Eucharist. This was the first official Anglican worship in North Korea since the Korean War and division of the Peninsula over fifty years ago.
Following our return to Paju, near Seoul in South Korea, we gathered for a 4-day peace forum. We celebrated the Eucharist each day, led in turn by Korean, Japanese and American members. We heard from many speakers about the background to the conflict in the Korean peninsula and the deep-seated pain resulting from that conflict and subsequent division. We also heard the experiences and views of those living in other regions of conflict.
During this conference, we gathered in an atmosphere of prayerful fellowship, following a path taken by many pilgrims and disciples of peace before us in the way of Christ. We acknowledged and repented of our own role in creating and adding to conflict, and reflected theologically on the tasks of reconciliation, reunification and peace.
Now, at the conclusion of our conference, we wish to share several specific observations, followed by some possible follow-up recommendations.
First, in regards to the Anglican Communion and its member Churches, we recognize the concern shown for the Korean situation in the 1998 Lambeth Conference Resolution v.26, which called for "peace, reunification, and cooperation" between the governments and people of the divided Korea. We believe that the work done here this week could serve as a model for other parts of the Communion where conflict persists. We appreciate the support given by the Archbishop of Canterbury for this conference, and hereby ask the organizers of the 2008 Lambeth Conference, as well as member Churches' national synods and conventions, to provide time in their agendas for presentations on peacemaking in general and the Korean situation in particular.
To our ecumenical and interfaith partners, we welcome further conversation with all who committed to peacemaking and affirm that what we can do together, we must not do alone. Therefore, we commend the World Council of Churches' "Decade to Overcome Violence" and offer our support to that ongoing work, as well as to specific peacemaking projects sponsored by other denominations and faith groups.
To the governments of the Republic of Korea and the Democratic People's Republic of Korea, we acknowledge and appreciate their recent efforts towards peace and denuclearization, and we encourage further summit meetings in the future. Constructive dialogue is the first step in the process of reconciliation. We ask both governments to recognize that each has much to offer the other, far beyond economic resources. We offer our assistance to this ongoing process when needed and as possible. We commend to both governments the need for common space to support education programs for young people from both countries, following models such as the Middle East-based program, "Kids for Peace."
To other governments, we remind them that Korea is part of the global family, and that if one part of the family is suffering, the entire family suffers. Specifically, we encourage the various governments of Northeast Asia as well as the United States to take active steps to reduce the military tension in that region, reminding them that long-term prosperity and stability is dependent on peaceful resolution of the Korean situation. We urge the countries that make up the Six-Party Talks to adopt specific practices to change the Cold War system into one of peace, leading to a normalization of relationships.
We recognize that this Conference is but one step along the way of peace, and that there are a number of initiatives which can be taken in response to the Korean situation. We make the following specific recommendations:
Member Churches of the Anglican Communion
The Anglican Church of Korea
The Anglican Consultative Conference and Lambeth Conference
We again wish to share our deep appreciation to the Most Rev. Dr. Francis Kyong-Jo Park, Primate of the Anglican Church of Korea, for his vision in convening this conference and for his gracious hospitality towards all of us here present. We give thanks for the work of the Most Rev. Dr. Robin Eames as president of the conference. We also offer our appreciation to the Most Rev. Dr. Katharine Jefferts Schori, Presiding Bishop and Primate of The Episcopal Church; the Most Rev. Nathaniel Uematsu, Primate of Nippon Sei Ko Kai; the Most Rev. Roger Herft, Archbishop of Perth, attending at the request of the General Synod of the Anglican Church of Australia; and all the other primates, bishops, clergy, laity, and religious who have participated in this conference. We extend our special thanks to the Archbishop of Canterbury, the Most Rev. Dr. Rowan Williams, for his support for this peace conference, and for tireless efforts on behalf of the Anglican Communion.
We affirm that peace is a gift from God. We, the participants of the Worldwide Anglican Peace Conference, TOPIK, commit ourselves to the recommendations of this Communiqué, and offer it for your consideration and action.
The Most Rev. Dr. Robin Eames
President of the TOPIK Conference
The Most Rev. Dr. Francis Kyong-Jo Park
Host-Convener of the TOPIK Conference